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Pharmaceutical forensics is a specialized field of examination that applies forensic expertise, analysis and problem solving principles to pharmaceutical deviation investigations. Often times, particulate contamination occurs in products, processes and customer-related investigations. In other instances, the need for detailed problem solving methodologies are required to determine the source of stains, discolorations, product defects and to understand the nature of similar products through reverse engineering and deformulation. The field of forensic trace evidence analysis is uniquely positioned as an investigative science with methods of material isolation, testing, comparison and ultimate source determination that are easily transferable to the pharmaceutical industry, where detailed material characterization and source apportionment is critical.